The µE1 is an experimental area for an intense medium energy polarized muon beam, with very low pion and electron contamination. As in the case of the piE1 beam line, pions from the thick target TE are extracted at an angle of 10° in the forward direction using a triplet of half quadrupoles. The beam line consists of three sections
Table 1 : Characteristics of the µE1 beam line
Mode A B
Momentum acceptance (FWHM) 3% 1%
Pion momentum range [MeV/c] 200 125 220 125
Muon momentum range [MeV/c] 125 85 125 85
Rate of negative muon [mA¯¹s¯¹] 6e7 3e7 2e7 1e7
Spot size (FWHM) horizontal 39 mm 28 mm
vertical 25 mm 17 mm
Pions produced at target TE are momentum selected by a bending magnet and then focused by a quadrupole doublet onto the entrance of a superconducting solenoid of 8 m length, 12 cm inner free diameter and 5 T field strength. There muons are collected from pions decaying in flight.
The length of the solenoid was chosen in relation to the pion decay length l(pi) [m] = 0.055 × P(pi) [MeV/c].
About half of the pions decay in the solenoid at P(pi) = 220 MeV/c. In this case a broad spectrum of muons is available at the solenoid exit, ranging from 120 to 240 MeV/c.
The second part of the beam line allows selection of a central muon momentum different from that of the injected pions, preferably at the low momentum edge corresponding to muons decaying backward in the center of mass system. In this case the contamination from electrons originating at the pion production target is very low (e+/µ+ ~5%), and the muon beam polarization reaches a high value around 75%. Two different modes of operation are available :
Rates for negatively charged muons and spot sizes are given in the above table for two of the most commonly used momenta. The rate for positive muons is about three to four times higher than that for negative muons.
The coordinator for this beam line is U. Zimmermann