piM1 is a high resolution pion beam line with a momentum range between 100 and 500 MeV/c. It is attached to the target station TM at an extraction angle of 22°, which corresponds to the orientation of the target wheel. because of this , the spot where the pions are produced is horizontally as small as the target width of 2 mm. Together with the high dispersion of 7 cm/% and a magnification of 1 at the intermediate focus IF about half way between the production target and the end of the beam line, a momentum resolution of better than 0.1 % is achieved. The pion momentum can be determined from the hits in a hodoscope made of 64 scintillators strips, located at the intermediate focus. The characteristics of the beam line are listed in the following table.
Table 1 : Characteristics of the piM1 beam line
Total path length 21 m
Momentum range 100-500 MeV/c
Solide angle 6 msr
Momentum acceptance (FWHM) 2.9 %
Momentum resolution 0.1 %
Dispersion at focal plane 7 cm/%
Spot size on target (FWHM) 15 mm horizontal
10 mm vertical
Angular Divergence on target(FWHM) 35 mrad horizontal
75 mrad vertical
Figure 3 gives the measured particle fluxes for the standard beam-line tune as a function of momentum with an uncertainty of 10% at the peak of the yield curves. The flux of muons is 100 times smaller than the corresponding pion flux at momenta around 300 MeV/c, and falls more slowly than for the pions toward low momenta. Since piM1 is the only beam line with a vacuum system separated from the proton-channel vacuum by a thin window, there are no "surface" muons available.
The coordinator for this beam line is Konrad.Deiters.at.psi.ch