590 MeV Proton Beam Lines
Part of the PSI High Intensity Proton Accelerator Facility
After being extracted (efficiency=99.97%) from the
590 MeV High Intensity Ring Cyclotron
the megawatt proton beam is guided inside a vacuum system with the help of bending
magnets and quadrupole lenses to the Muon production Target M (5 mm carbon)
and Target E (60 mm carbon, since 29-Oct-1999
only 40 mm carbon) and afterwards absorbed in a beam dump or guided to the SINQ target.
At the Target station M two Secondary Beam Lines
are originating, whereas Target station E has even five of them. The megawatt proton beam
lines are shielded towards the
Experimental Hall with several meters of concrete and iron. Not near the targets the proton beam losses along the high intensity proton beam line are as low as 1 nA/m (0.6 W/m).
Some collimators and scrapers reshape the high intensity proton beam behind target E. Therefore it may also be
guided with an additional beam line section to the neutron spallation source
(SINQ), where in 2006 the
Megapie target will be tested, which is relevant for
Accelerator Driven Systems (ADS) being used for
Accelerator Transmutation of Waste (ATW).
At the moment the proton beam intensity at the production targets M and E is usually around 1.8 mA and above
(beam power > 1 MW). For test purposes
the beam intensity is occasionally raised up to 2.0 mA (1.2 MW of beam power).
SINQ gets only about 1.25 mA (1.0 mA for 60 mm C target) because the beam
losses at the Target E region sum up to about 30 % (43 % for 60 mm C target).
Because of the high beam power of more than a megawatt it is essential, that the proton beam tubes and the
vacuum chambers for the different devices (targets, collimators, diagnotic elements and beam dumps) are
well protected from being damaged by excessive heat produced by some misguided proton beam, which may happen
occasionally by a faulty system behavior. There exists some more info about this
Protection System for the High Intensity Megawatt Proton Beam Line Vacuum Chambers.
During the last 2 months of the year 2005 the achieved beam-availability was 95% with proton beam
intensities between 1.85 and 1.90 mA on Target E ( 1.2 MW of beam power
) or 1.25 - 1.3 mA on SINQ. In the course of this time period the
averaged rate of short beam trips was about 3 per hour.
If desired 0.1 to 20 µA may be peeled off from the high intensity megawatt beam at the splitter region (EHT, 13 m after the Ring
extraction) and transferred through an additional low intensity beam line to the
Pirex target station. Behind this target station
a degrader may produce a proton beam of a few hundred MeV and an intensity of about 1 nA
either for the Proton Irradiation Facility (PIF) or
for medical proton therapy.
This section of low intensity beam line could temporarily not be used from 2006
until most of 2008, because the former Pirex target station had to be dismantled. During 2006 medical proton therapy got its own cyclotron
(see Proscan project layout). Starting in October 2007 this section of beam line was used again for
tests with the pulsed high intensity proton beam for the
Ultra Cold Neutron (UCN) source.
A diagram shows schematically the 5
different modes in which the 590 MeV high (and low) intensity proton beam lines may be operated.
CAD drawings of the component layouts
for the different high-intensity proton and secondary beam lines may be looked at.
PSI High Intensity Proton Accelerator Status as a
Java Applet shows you live the current situation of the PSI High Intensity Proton Accelerator
Facility. A more detailed description of each of these high (and low) intensity beam lines is
given in the following functional sections:
The shown beam envelopes were computed with the computer code
which is available electronically for various PC operating systems.
Last updated by
Urs Rohrer on 11-Jan-2008